Alcohol abuse has become one of the main public health problems in Mexico due to the social and sanitary consequences it has on those who consume it, according to the National Survey on Drugs, Alcohol and Tobacco (ECODAT) 2016-2017. In Mexico, around 70 percent of the population consumes alcohol and 20 percent does so in excess.
Alcohol consumption remained stable between 2011 and 2016, with 71 percent of Mexicans reporting in 2016 that they had consumed alcohol at least once in their lives, in comparison to 2011’s 71.3 percent. However, alcohol consumption in excess has steadily risen among minors between 12 and 17 years old. The 0.8 percent of all adolescents who participated in the survey said they had alcohol dependence, almost 13 percent reported having excessive alcohol consumption habits and more than 80 percent acknowledged having tried it. According to the National Drug Consumption Survey 2014, more than 70 percent of high school’s students have consumed alcohol and more than 15 percent have done it excessively. In addition, in 2016-2017, 45 percent of the demographic reported that alcohol was the first drug they consumed, which then led to harder substances.
The National Commission Against Addiction publishes ECODAT. For its creation, 64,000 households were visited and 56,877 people were surveyed. The execution of the survey was coordinated by the National Commission Against Addiction and the study of the results by the National Institute of Psychiatrists and the National Institute of Public Health.
The latest data from the WHO states that Mexicans consumed 5.26L of alcohol per capita in 2015, of which 3.87L come in the shape of beer, while the rest comes from wine, spirits and other beverages. Alcohol is directly linked to 60 diseases, according to the WHO, and globally kills 3.3 million people per year.