A study on workplace stress recently published indicated findings of higher mortality risk in adult males with cardiometabolic diseases, including coronary heart disease, a previous stroke and diabetes.
In the paper, scientists analyzed the link between work stress and mortality based on their analysis of seven studies performed in Finland, France, Sweden and the UK. The study brought together the results from 102,633 individuals monitored over 14 years. Researchers observed a significant increase in mortality rates in adult males with cardiometabolic disease in comparison to those without. This difference remained even if the men with cardiometabolic disease reported a healthy lifestyle and the study accounted for BMI, physical activity and blood cholesterol, among many other lifestyle risks. On the other hand, in women with or without cardiometabolic disease there was no increased mortality whether they reported high levels of stress or not. There was no increase in mortality risk from stress in men without cardiometabolic diseases.
The increased mortality risk from workplace stress was estimated to be 68 percent in men with cardiometabolic disease in comparison to those without. In the study, stress was based on job-demand control, which is a combination of high demand and low feelings of control, and effort reward imbalance work, which compared work demands with monetary and nonmonetary rewards. Researchers compared the increased risk as similar to smoking.
Stress in the workplace is widespread and the numbers are only expected to keep rising. A recent survey by the American Institute of Stress reported that 80 percent of workers in the US reported feeling stress on the job and 50 percent of all interviewed reported needing help to manage said stress. Side effects from stress range include muscle pain, headaches, insomnia, digestive problems and chest pain, among many others. For those who had a cardiometabolic disease, the consequences of stress were thought to be much worse but evidence for these claims was weak, according to researchers. This study adds to a cohort of new research clearly mapping the consequences of workplace stress in health.